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BASIC LIFE SUPPORT
Sudden Cardiac Arrest
Sudden Cardiac Arrest is often misunderstood as a heart attack. A heart attack is a plumbing problem where the heart is blocked, causing heart muscle to die
Sudden Cardiac Arrest occurs when the heart's electrical system malfunctions; The heart muscle quivers or fibrillates rather than pump blood. Vital organs are immediately deprived of oxygen, causing the victim to collapse. Brain death and irreversible damage begin in four to six minutes after someone experiences cardiac arrest. (Further information)
D - Dangers?Check for danger, approach with care and do not put yourself in danger.
R - Responsive?Look for a response. Is the victim conscious? Gently touch and talk to them, as if you are trying to wake them up. If there is no response, get help.
S - Send for helpDial triple zero (000) or 112 (if your mobile is out of phone range or credit). – ask for an ambulance.
ABC - full information
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a combination of mouth-to-mouth resuscitation and chest compressions that delivers oxygen and artificial circulation to a person whose heart has stopped.